April 17, 2018

What is PPMS ?

PPMS - White paperPPMS - White paper

In 2002, a special safety measures plan for dealing with major risks – PPMS – was prepared by the government, intended for educational establishments (Circular no.2002-119 of 29 May 2002).

The goal of PPMS is to set up a specific procedure for every establishment to ensure that pupils and staff stay safe in the event of an accident, until emergency services arrive.

All establishments need to have identified the major risks to which people may be exposed in the immediate area.

These risks may be :

NATURAL

Natural risksNatural risks

Lowland flooding, torrential rain, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, earthquakes, storms

TECHNOLOGICAL

Technological risksTechnological risks

Industrial (fire, explosion, toxic cloud), nuclear (radioactive cloud), dam bursting (flooding), transport of dangerous materials by road, rail or pipeline (fire, explosion, toxic cloud)

PROXIMITY RISKS

Proximity risksProximity risks

Industries carrying risks within a close perimeter...

2015 PPMS, a plan that spreads to all French educational establisments

The risk of terror attack and intrusion by unauthorised persons has been added to the list of potential hazards and has made this a general plan for all schools on French territory. (Circular no.2015-205 of 25/11/05)

The objective of the PPMS is to set up an organisational structure and set of resources to ensure that occupants of an educational establishment can stay safe whilst they wait for the arrival of the emergency services.

This plan requires each establishment to :

LIST POTENTIAL RISKS

Natural, technological, proximity

PPMS - List the potential risksPPMS - List the potential risks
KNOW AL EXISTING MEANS OF ALERT

Authorities, emergency services, media...

PPMS - Existing alert resourcesPPMS - Existing alert resources
BE ABLE TO RAISE AN ALARM SIGNAL

Different and distinguishable from the fire alarm

PPMS - AlarmPPMS - Alarm
PUT TOGETHER FIRST-AID KITS

Kits, lights, radios, water bottles...

PPMS - First Aid KitsPPMS - First Aid Kits
IDENTIFY SAFE ZONES

Secure Waiting Area

PPMS - Safe zonePPMS - Safe zone
INFORM PERSONS ATTENDING THE ESTABLISHMENT 

Organise alert drills

PPMS - establishmentPPMS - establishment

Organisation and choice of technical resources to be deployed are left up to the choice of each headteacher.

PPMS - confinementPPMS - confinement

Crédits photo © Agence ISSOIRE

The PPMS must be suitable for the specific features of the educational establishment. It needs to take into account building layouts, number of auxiliary buildings, staff, and the major risks related to its environment. Faced with a major risk, the safety of individuals depends on the speed and quality of the alert raised. In order for such an alert system to be effective, it must be linked to a type of risk, which should ideally indicate the particular conduct to be adopted by each individual. 
In the event of an alert, safety is ensured by sheltering or by evacuation.

Sheltering

Allows for safety of occupants of an establishment in an enclosed space by sealing up the air inlets. 

Containment 

Ensures safety in a space that has been designed to be sealed off. This is a space with special technical features.

PPMS, a plan to be developed

Educational complexes aren't the only places facing natural and technological risks or intrusions/terror attacks.

PPMS - HOSPITALSPPMS - HOSPITALS

PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HOSPITALS

The Ministry of Health is currently reflecting on a PPMS adapted to public and private hospitals.

Ultimately, this would involve : 

• 983 public health establishments 
• 1047 private health establishments 
• 754 private non-profit health establishments

PPMS - COMPANIESPPMS - COMPANIES

COMPANIES AND BUILDINGS OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

A plan is currently under consideration for safety organisation regarding companies and buildings open to the public. 

This plan offers : 

• the ability to ensure that people remain safe (employees and visitors) by sheltering them 
• the ability to limit the economic impact of a natural disaster by securing production equipment, stocks and other items 
• activity being able to resume more quickly after a disaster

The PPMS is part of the 3As approach

Anticipate

know and evaluate risks

Act

protect and stay safe; alert and assist

Acquire understanding

know more in order to better anticipate

The alert

The alert needs to be effective and fast. It is important that every occupant of the establishment has the right attitude in the event of a PPMS alert.

 

1. Reception

The establishment may receive the alert from :

• The authorities : town hall, police station, academic inspection body 

• The emergency services 

• A siren broadcasting a national alert signal

In the event of a local danger or intrusion by dangerous individuals, the head of the school or establishment may need to trigger the alert him or herself

 

2. Broadcasting

Depending on the risks concerned, the establishment may be equipped with one or more different alerts. It is possible to give the alert by: voice, whistle, megaphone, foghorn... or a special PPMS device.

THE PPMS ALERT MUST HAVE A SOUND THAT IS DISTINGUISHABLE FROM THE FIRE ALARM

START OF MAJOR ACCIDENT ALERT 

Major accident alertMajor accident alert

The alert is raised by the national alert signal : Siren with modulated sound 3 x 1.40 min with 5 s intervals. (B.O. of 30 May 2002)

INTRUSION ALERT 

Intrusion AlertIntrusion Alert

Specific sound alarm for intrusion, to indicate that people should go into a containment area. Sound determined individually by each establishment, programming of messages on request

3. Lifting of alert

The end of the alert will be communicated to the head of the establishment by the authorities.

END OF MAJOR ACCIDENT ALERT

End of alertEnd of alert

Siren with continuous sound (B.O. of 30 May 2002)

Instruction

The PPMS defines the conduct to adopt when facing each of the risks to which the establishment may be exposed. In order to ensure that these instructions are followed, they need to be communicated, explained and practised through simulation.

PPMS drills may vary from simple recognition of the alarm to going to shelter.

Legislation corner

Act 2004-811 of 13 August 2004 on the modernisation of civil defence. 
Internal security code, Article L 741-1. 
Education code, Articles D 312-40 à 42 
Circular no.2015-205 of 25 November 2015 concerning PPMSs for major risks. 
Circular no.2006-085 of 24 May 2006 concerning education for responsibility in schools and colleges. 
DFER/SDACE memo no.2002-2037 of 15 April 2002 concerning major risks (for agricultural education). 
Technical instruction DGER/SDEDC/2015-153 of 10 February 2015 – Management of emergency situations in agricultural technical education establishments – provisions to be updated.

White paper PPMSWhite paper PPMS
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To find out more,
please don't hesitate to contact us

AXCEB, a major player in comfort and security sound systems, an expert in audio flow management in large buildings, offers a range of PPMS solutions for the school environment, easy to implement, highly modular and very affordable.  AXCEB is highly competitive, technically and economically, as a result of offering an analogue range and a hybrid IP solution.

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